Philipp Melanchthon Rejects Doctrine of Papal Supremacy Over Christian Church

Philipp Melanchthon Rejects Doctrine of Papal Supremacy Over Christian Church

Philipp Melanchthon
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Philipp Melanchthon publishes a document arguing that the papal claim of supremacy over the Christian Church and even over secular kingdoms is false. Philipp Melanchthon is one of the principal leaders of the Protestant Reformation and will be a founder of the Lutheran church.

The idea of "papal supremacy" is that the pope possesses supreme, absolute, and universal power of the entire Christian church. The doctrine of papal supremacy is typically justified by arguing that Christ gave authority to Peter and all the bishops of Rome can trace their office back to Peter:

"Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jona! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death [gates of hell] shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven." [Matthew 16:17-19]
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