Friedrich Nietzsche Completes Manuscript for The Gay Science

Friedrich Nietzsche Completes Manuscript for The Gay Science

Friedrich Nietzsche
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Friedrich Nietzsche completes the manuscript for his book Die fröhliche Wissenschaft (The Gay Science). Nietzsche will describe this as the most "personal" of all his books.

The title Die fröhliche Wissenschaft is an allusion to the 13th century origins of modern European poetry in Provence, not long before the Albigensian Crusade.

Friedrich Nietzsche's The Gay Science is the source of several famous Nietzsche quotes which people are familiar with, even if they aren't generally familiar with Nietzsche's philosophy.

One is the first example of saying that God is dead:

"After Buddha was dead, people showed his shadow for centuries afterwards in a cave,—an immense frightful shadow. God is dead: but as the human race is constituted, there will perhaps be caves for millenniums yet, in which people will show his shadow.—And we—we have still to overcome his shadow!"

The Gay Science also contains Nietzsche's first reference his idea of an eternal recurrence:

"What if some day or night a demon were to steal after you into your loneliest loneliness and say to you: 'This life as you now live it and have lived it, you will have to live once more and innumerable times more'…

Would you not throw yourself down and gnash your teeth and curse the demon who spoke thus?

Or have you once experienced a tremendous moment when you would have answered him: 'You are a god and never have I heard anything more divine.' "

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Nietzsche on Hardship

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