Death of Pepin III at Saint Denis, Son of Charles Martel & Father of Charlemagne Hot

Death of Pepin III at Saint Denis, Son of Charles Martel & Father of Charlemagne

Pepin III (Pepin the Short)

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Pepin III (Pepin the Short) dies at Saint Denis. Son of Charles Martel and father of Charlemagne, Pepin is the first king of the Franks of the Carolingian Dynasty, the successor to the de facto rule of France by the "mayors of the palace."

Pepin himself deposed Childeric III, the last Merovingian king, but only after obtaining permission from Pope Zachary. According to Zachary, the de facto power of a ruler like Pepin is more important and significant than the de jure authority of a powerless king like Childeric III.

Two years later, he was anointed by Pope Stephen II in a ceremony at the Basilica of St. Denis, where the pope also gave him the title patricius Romanorum (Patrician of the Romans). This was the first record of a pope ever bestowing a secular, political title on a secular ruler.

Another important milestone in the reign of Pepin the Short occurred in 759, when Pepin captured Narbonne, the last Islamic stronghold in France, and thereby drove the Muslims out of France.

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