King of Jerusalem Amalric I Launches His First Invasion of Egypt

King of Jerusalem Amalric I Launches His First Invasion of Egypt

Amalric I, king of Jerusalem

Amalric I, king of Jerusalem, launches his first invasion of Egypt. King Baldwin I had invaded fifty years earlier and forced the weak Fatimid Caliphate to pay an annual tribute to Jerusalem, but now that tribute is late.

Perhaps more importantly, Muslim lands to the East are falling under the control of the powerful Zengid sultan Nur ad-Din, which only leaves Egypt to the south if the Kingdom of Jerusalem wants to expand. Amalric is very ambitious and dreams of expanding his power.

King Amalric I only manages to get as far as the Nile, but is turned back by flooding caused when the Egyptians themselves destroy dams along the Nile to block his way. He will invade Egypt another four times over the next seven years.

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