Death of Count Raymond VII of Toulouse

Death of Count Raymond VII of Toulouse

Raymond VII of Toulouse
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Count Raymond VII of Toulouse dies. A grandson of Henry II of England and a nephew of both King Richard I and King John of England, he followed in the footsteps of his father, Raymond VI of Toulouse, in defending the Cathars of southern France against the oppression of the popes and the Catholic Crusaders.

Unfortunately, in 1229 he was forced to surrender and sign the Treaty of Paris. This not only meant the end for the Cathars but also for an independent Toulouse. With his death, Toulouse will come under the control of the kings of France.

At the signing of the Treaty of Paris, Raymond VII had to give half of his lands directly to King Louis IX of France; because Raymond's daughter is wed to Louis' brother, the rest of his lands are now transferred to royal French control upon his death.

This eliminates all independence from France of Occitania (Aquitaine), later the French provinces of Limousin, Auvergne, Languedoc and Gascony.

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